Voltammetric study of secnidazole and its determination in pharmaceutical tablet using 1, 4-benzoquinone modified carbon paste electrode

Yosef Nikodimos, Beyene Hagos, Dagne Dereje and Mohammed Hussen

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In this study voltammetric behaviour of secnidazole (SCZ) at 1, 4-Benzoquinone Modified Carbon Paste Electrode (1,4-BQMCPE) was investigated in Britton Robinson buffer solution using cyclic voltammetric technique. A well-defined cathodic peak was observed for the SCZ in the entire pH range. The current increases steadily with scan rate and the results indicated that the process is irreversible reduction and adsorption controlled. The number of electrons transferred and different kinetic parameters like transfer coefficient and rate constant were calculated by using cyclic voltammetry technique. Differential pulse voltammetric method has been used for the determination of SCZ content in pharmaceutical tablet. This method enabled to determine SCZ in the concentration range 1.0 × 10-8 to 4.0 × 10-4 M. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were found to be 2.13 × 10-9 and 2.85 × 10-9 respectively. The method was applied to determine the content of SCZ in different sample solutions of SCZ tablet with excellent recovery and relative standard deviation results (99.892±1.53 respectively) for spiked standard SCZ in tablet sample solutions. The selectivity of the method for SCZ was further studied in the presence of selected potential interferents such as fluconazole, azithromycin etc and confirmed the potential applicability of the developed method for the determination of SCZ in real pharmaceutical tablets.