Controlled release of amoxicillin from PMMA and poly(butylsuccinate) microspheres

Imene Boukhouya, Hicham Bakouri, Ilham Abdelmalek, Meriem Imene Amrane and Kaddour Guemra

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This work focus on the study and the elaboration of microspheres based on amoxicillin (AMO), those microspheres were prepared through the oil/water emulsion evaporation technique. Polybutylene succinate (PBS) and Poly(methylmethacrylate) (PMMA) polymeric matrix were used with Tween 80 (T80) and Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as emulsifiers. These polymeric systems were analyzed by SEM, FTIR and optical microscopy. The conditions of the microspheres forming were varied and the preparation was performed by changing different parameters such as: the nature of the polymer, the stirring speed, organic solvent, surfactant nature, and concentration, which allows the study of their effect on encapsulation efficiency and drug release kinetics. These parameters affect strongly the size of microspheres, the drug content and the drug release, the latter is settled in an artificially reconstituted media of pH = 1.2 transcribed from the stomachal medium.