Phytoremediation potential of Typha latifolia and water hyacinth for removal of heavy metals from industrial wastewater
Naeem Abbas, Muhammad Tahir Butt, Muhammad Muneeb Ahmad , Farah Deeba and Naqi Hussain
This study demonstrates the phytoremediation prospective of Typha latifolia (TL) and water Hyacinth (WH) in industrial wastewater treatment. A comparative study was done to evaluate the percentage removal of turbidity (Tu), electrical conductivity (EC), color (Col), iron (Fe), copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn) from industrial wastewater by using Typha latifolia and water Hyacinth with respect to uptake time and with different concentrations of industrial wastewater. The experimental results showed that Typha latifolia has performed extremely well in removing the 90.03% Tu, 82.31% EC, 95.98% Col, 92.01% Fe, 87.78% Cu and 75.81% Zn from 20% industrial wastewater during 16 days of experimental period. Results also showed that the maximum percentage removal of selected heavy metals by Typha latifolia follow the order Fe > Cu > Zn from 20 % industrial wastewater at 16-day experiment. Water Hyacinth showed best result for removing 64.15% Tu, 62.19% EC, 50.29% Col, 54.15% Fe and 70.17% Cu from 15% industrial wastewater during 12 days experiment but it has performed extremely well in removing the 85.97% Zn from 20% industrial wastewater after 16 days of experimental period.