Issue 1

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M. Asif. Role of some nutritional complements and biological supplements in the management of epilepsy, Current Science Perspectives 1(1) (2015) 1-11

Abstract

Various dietary components, biological supplements might influence the incidence or management of epilepsy. Some studies reported that the supplementation with individual nutrients reduced seizure occurrence or improved other facets of health in epileptic patients. The beneficial dietary involvement identifying and avoiding allergenic foods, and avoiding suspected causing agents such as alcohol, aspartame, and monosodium glutamate. The Atkins diet (very low in carbohydrates) is a less preventive type diet that may be effective in some cases. Nutrients that may lessen seizure occurrence include vitamin B6, magnesium, vitamin E, manganese, taurine, dimethylglycine, and omega-3 fatty acids. Use of thiamine or vitamin B1 may improve cognitive function in epileptic patients. Supplementation with folic acid, vitamin B6, biotin or viatamine H, vitamin D, and L-carnitine may be needed to prevent or treat deficiencies resulting from the use of antiepileptic drugs. Vitamin K1 is recommended near the end of pregnancy for women taking antiepileptic drugs. Melatonin may reduce seizure occurrence in some cases, and progesterone may be useful for women with cyclic exacerbations of seizures. In the majority of cases, nutritional therapy is not a substitute for antiepileptic drugs. In some cases, depending on the effectiveness of the involvement, dosage reduction or discontinuation of drugs may be possible. However, nutrient supplementation may be necessary to prevent or reverse the effects of certain deficiencies that regularly result from the use of antiepileptic drugs.

 

Iqbal et al. Comparative analysis of antiglycation potential of vegetables aqueous and methanolic extracts. Current Science Perspectives 1(1) (2015) 12-15

Abstract

Present study was conducted to appraise the antiglycation potential of vegetables aqueous and methanolic extracts. The extracts (sweet potato, turnip and methi) were studied in combination with different glucose levels. Eight different combinations of each extract were selected and incubated for five weeks at 37oC. Human normal blood plasma was used as a protein source. Glycation was estimated by Thiobarbituric Acid (TBA) technique and it was observed that aqueous and methanol extracts of sweet potato and turnip did not show non-enzymatic glycation inhibition, whereas aqueous extract of methi inhibited non-enzymatic glycation which was higher at 5th week of incubation and methanolic extract showed maximum activity after 3rd week of incubation.

 

 

Younis et al. Influence of various growing substrates on growth and flowering of potted miniature rose cultivar “Baby Boomer”. Current Science Perspectives 1(1) (2015) 16-21

Abstract

 

Right choice of suitable medium contributes a lot in the successful ornamental flower production. Present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of various growing substrates on growth and development of miniature rose cultivar “Baby Boomer”. Four different growing substrates with variable composition and combinations with peat, farm yard manure, silt, leaf mold and their combinations with each other were compared using garden soil as a control. There were 4 treatments in the experiment and each treatment was consisting of 10 plants and these plants in pots were arranged according to completely randomized design (CRD) which was replicated thrice. Data regarding different growth attributes including plant height, number of leaves per plant, number and length of branches per plant and flowering attributes included number of flowers per plant, diameter of flowers, fresh and dry weight of flowers were recorded and analyzed statistically by using Fisher’s analysis of variance technique and means were compared for significance by using least significant difference (LSD) test at 5% probability level. Results indicated that the medium consisting of leaf compost exhibited overall better performance as compared to other media for various vegetative growth characteristics including plant height, number of leaves per plant, number and length of branches per plant and some reproductive growth parameters like number and diameter of flowers while the medium consisting of peat also showed better results to produce highest fresh and dry weight of flowers.

 

 

Mouhamad et al. Decomposition of organic matter under different soil textures. Current Science Perspectives 1(1) (2015) 22-25

Abstract

Breakdown of organic matter affect the soil structure and porosity, moisture holding capacity, diversity and biological activity organisms and nutrient availability. Present study was conducted to appraise to effect of organic matter accumulation in different textural soils. The experiment was conducted in greenhouse, Department of soil Science, Agriculture University, Baghdad. The soil samples (clay, silt clay and silt) were collected from different location and experiment was conducted in plastic pots under greenhouse condition. Soils samples were dried and ground to 2 mm mesh size. Corn cob was used as organic matter source and applied at the rate of 0.1-0.5%. Results showed that the soil texture play an important role for the accommodation of organic matter in soil. The clay soil showed promising efficiency as compared to silt clay and silt and the estimation of soil physic-chemical characteristics measurement is suggested before the application of organic matter to any type of soil which will be help to main the healthy soil for sustainable cropping system.

 

 

Iqbal et al. Associated risk factors and management practices influence on Babesia prevalence in cattle of District Toba Tek Singh, Punjab, Pakistan. Current Science Perspectives 1(1) (2015) 26-32

Abstract

The present study was conducted to assess the impact of associated risk factors and management practices on Babesia prevalence in cattles of district Toba Tek Singh, during 2009-2010. A total 68 (14.11%; CI=11.21-17.43) out of 482 cattle were recorded positive for Babesia infection. Babesia was recorded more prevalent during July-2009 (25.64 %), whereas during December-2009 and January-2010 no case was recorded. The breed, age and gender of cattle represented significant differences (P<0.05) for Babesia infection, whereas body condition of cattle’s were found insignificant difference for associated risk factors. Among management practices, feeding, housing system, floor type and herd size were found significant differences (P<0.05) for Babesia prevalence, while watering system found non-significant.

 

 

Asif. Role of fruit and vegetable in the treatment of cancer. Current Science Perspectives 1(1) (2015) 33-40

Abstract

Natural products are important source of new drugs with chemical entities. The plant based drug discovery resulted mainly in the development of anticancer agents including plants, marine organisms and micro-organisms. Beside this there is numerous agents identified from fruits and vegetables can used in anticancer therapy including diallyl sulfide (allium), curcumin (turmeric), S-allyl cysteine (allium), allicin (garlic), lycopene (tomato), capsaicin (red chilli), diosgenin (fenugreek), 6-gingerol (ginger), resveratrol (red grapes, peanuts and berries), genistein (soybean), ellagic acid (pomegranate), ursolic acid (apple, pears, prunes), silymarin (milk thistle), anethol (anise, camphor, and fennel), eugenol (cloves), catechins (green tea), indole-3-carbinol (cruciferous vegetables), β-carotene (carrots), limonene (citrus fruits), and dietary fiber. The active compounds derive from natural products are contributing a great opportunity to evaluate the new chemical classes of anticancer agents with novel lead compound and potentially applicable mechanisms of action.

 

 

Sarmadian et al. Towards a new framework for land suitability evaluation: Application of matter element quantifier-based Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis. Current Science Perspectives 1(1) (2015) 41-50

Abstract

The problem of selecting the suitable land for the cultivation of a certain agriculture crop is a long-standing and empirical issue. Although many researchers, organizations, institutes and governments have tried to provide a framework for optimal agricultural land use, however, agricultural land is used below its optimal capability. Land suitability evaluation is a prerequisite for land use planning and development. The aim in integrating Multi criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) with Geographical Information Systems (GIS) is to provide more flexible and more accurate decision in order to evaluate the effective factors. Furthermore, by changing the parameters, a wide range of decision strategies or scenarios can be generated. Matter-element theory, which was first put forward by the Chinese mathematician Cai Wen, has shown potential for solving incompatibility problems. The objective of this research is to take the advantage of incorporation of matter-element quantifier into GIS-based land suitability analysis by analytic hierarchy process (AHP). In this study, nine land characteristics including climatic, topographic (relief and slope) and soil-related (texture, CaCO3, OC, coarse fragment, pH, gypsum) factors were used in modeling land suitability for rainfed barley and economic factors have been excluded and moderate management was assumed. The results showed that the most important limiting factors for rainfed barley cultivation are topographic and climatic conditions and 84.38% (~4303 ha) of total lands was classified as N1 class (currently not suitable), whereas remaining 15.62% (~797 ha) was classified as S3 class (marginally suitable). The coefficient of determination (R2) between land index and observed barley yield was 0.86 for new hybrid method. From results, it is concluded that this study is helpful in planning and decision making about lands for crop suitability.