Issue 7

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 Salahuddin, Muhammad Akram and Alluddin. 2016. Impact of various herbicides on dicot weeds in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Current Science Perspectives 2(3) 45-51

Abstract

A field study was conducted at Research Area of Agronomy, Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan during the year of 2014-15 to assess the comparative efficacy of different herbicides on control of dicot weeds, and subsequent effect on grain yield of wheat. The herbicide treatments comprised of T1 = Starane-M @ 750 ml/ha, T2 = Flock @ 700 ml/ha, T3 = Harvester 750ml/ha, T4 = Harvester pro @ 1000 ml/ha, T5 = Tanical @ 700 g/ha, T6 = Timber @ 700 g/ha, T7 = Jupitor @ 750 ml/ha, T8 = Buctril Super @ 750 ml/ha, T9 = Broxtra @ 750 ml/ha, T10 = Buctril M @ 750 ml/ha, T11 = Atlantus @ 400 g/ha, T12 = Hussar @ 100 ml/ha, T13 = Control (weedy check). The experiment was laid out under randomized complete block design in triplicate with a net plot size of 2.4 m × 8.0 m. The results revealed that herbicides application controlled the dicot weeds growth and a significant (P ≤ 0.05) reduction in weeds density versus weedy check was observed. Broxtra @ 750 ml ha-1, Hussar @ 100 ml ha-1, Jupitor @ 750 mL ha-1 and Starane-M @ 750 mL ha-1) effect was more pronounced as compared to control. Furthermore, grain yield and yield components of wheat improved considerably with herbicides application as compared to weedy check. Number of tillers, plant height, Spike length, number of spikelet/spike, number of grains per spike, 1000-grain weight, biological and grain yield were significantly higher in treated plots as compared to the control. Hussar @ 100 mL ha-1 gave maximum grain yield, which could possibly used for herbicides control in wheat crop with a considerable higher yield.

           

   Brijesh Kumar Pandey, Savita Vyas, Mukesh Pandey and Anurag Gaur. 2016. Characterisation of municipal solid waste generated from Bhopal, India. Current Science Perspectives 2(3) 52-56

     Abstract

The characteristics of municipal solid waste (MSW) is a major factor, which considered as a basis for the design of efficient, cost effective and  environmentally compatible and sustainable waste management system. Solid waste management system requires a great knowledge and proper attention about composition of MSW. In present study, the compositions of Bhopal municipal waste is estimated and analysis for better MSW management and energy extraction system. the study reveal that municipal solid waste is as a potential source of renewable energy that can be extracted from municipal solid waste to fulfill the energy demands several times of Bhopal city. Municipal solid waste management is one of major problems not only in Bhopal city but also whole India as well as whole world. The Study shows that the main component of municipal solid waste comprises the biomass material such as food, paper, wood waste, clothes rags, rubber, plastics, polythene, and other daily used discarded materials that dump out from each and every houses of Bhopal city. Various studies show that about 90% municipal solid waste is disposed of unscientifically and unmannered way in open dump places which create problems to public health, the environmental problems and distort the surround aesthetic beauty and causes the loss of sanitary and hygienic environment. In this paper an attempt has been made to provide a qualitative and quantitativemeasurement of solid waste produced in Bhopal city.

 

     Bushra Ali Sherazi, Kanza Hashmi, Fatima Afzal, Syeda Mona Hassan, Syed Khuram Hassan and Munawar Iqbal. Assessment of causes, symptoms, prevention and clinical management of pediatric atopic dermatitis. Current Science Perspectives 2(3) (2016) 57-60

Abstract

Atopic dermatitis is generally considered to be the initial step of so-called Atopic March followed by allergic rhinitis and asthma. Present survey was conducted to assess and to explore opportunities for pharmacist intervention in management of Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis. Fifty patients from pediatric dermatology hospitals unit were selected and data was collected by direct interviewing the patients and their care providers and compared to assess the Atopic Dermatitis prevalence reason and medication. The Atopic Dermatitis appeared during early stages of life in children. Data shows that Atopic Dermatitis appeared in 33% children at the age of two years and more than 65% of children with atopic dermatitis also showed asthma or allergic rhinitis. Early onset and severity of Atopic Dermatitis were major determinant of prognosis. Moisturization and the use of topical steroids or topical calcenurin inhibitors found out to be best to control atopic dermatitis.

 

 

Ali S. Fadhel, Raghad S. Mouhamad, Shaimaa A. Yousir, Ibrahim B. Razaq, Hasan H. Khammat and Munawar Iqbal. Production and characterization of organic manure from liquorice residues. Current Science Perspectives 2(3) (2016) 61-68

Abstract

Present study was conducted to produce and characterizes organic manure from liquorice residues using activated Effective Microoganism (EM).  The Liquorice waste residues were fermented for the period of 3 months in the presence of activated EM. The activated EM was used @ 2.5% and 5%. Nitrogen (62.5 g) was used per 10 Kg of Liquoriceand moister contents were maintained 55-60%. The efficiency of the manure produced was evaluated on the basis of pH, C/N ratio, electrical conductivity (EC) and mineral contents. pH value of the fermented materials reached to 6.2, the C/N ratio reduced from 13/1 to 6/1, EC and the mineral elements contents was increased as result of composting of liquorice in the presence of activated EM. From results, it is concluded that the application of activated EM for composting is viable and could be used for the production of compost materials.

  

 

 C. P. Ukpaka and Itabeni Collins. Characteristics concept for the examination of total hydrocarbon content and total organic carbon in contaminated soil zone. Current Science Perspectives 2(3) (2016) 69-77

Abstract

In the investigation to examine the rate of diffusion of Total Hydrocarbon Content (THC) and Total Organic Carbon (TOC) upon continuous discharge of effluent into the soil zone in Niger Delta area of Nigeria was studied using the concept of empirical model as well as experimental approach. The model obtained was simulated using MathCAD 2000 professional software. The experimental and model result obtained from the simulation of the developed equation was compared numerically and graphically. A reasonable level of agreement was obtained between the two results. The study of the fate of chemical pollutant in soil environment is vital, for sustaining agricultural productivity and land utility which are directly related to human safety. It’s imperative to know, that whatever degrades, damages, or destroy the soil environment ultimately have an impact on human life and may threaten our very ability to survive. Hence, this paper has provided an in-depth understanding of the causes, distribution processes and effects of contaminants discharged in the environment.