Evaluating key parameters for developing a sustainable solid waste management plan in Lahore-China scheme

Naeem Abbas, Aqeel Abbas, Muhammad Irfan, Muhammad Hammad Khan and Ayesha

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This study focuses on evaluating the primary parameters of municipal solid waste (MSW) in the "China scheme" region of Lahore to create a solid waste management plan. The China scheme was divided into six hypothetical zones, and the results indicated that the average MSW generation rate in storage bins was 0.555 Kg/person/day. The MSW composition analysis showed that food waste (putrescible) was the dominant waste type, accounting for 82.424%, while glass had the smallest share of 0.396%. The laboratory analysis revealed that the average values of moisture content, ash, volatile matter, fixed carbon, and organic matter were 77.487%, 6.624%, 14.386%, 1.492%, and 93.369%, respectively. While the calorific value of dried MSW, carbon content, nitrogen content, and C/N ratio was 6759.879 BTU/lb, 50.972%, 1.020%, and 50.265 correspondingly. Composting was suggested as a feasible solid waste management (SWM) option because of the higher moisture content and biodegradable organic matter in the MSW of China Scheme. Laboratory findings supported that the dried MSW could be utilized for energy generation by forming biogas, running steam boilers, or utilizing its quantity to make Refuse derived fuel pellets.